R2 Responsible Recycling Standards

 From R2 Solutions Website: WWW.R2SOLUTIONS.ORG

Summary of R2 Standards:

 The R2 Standard includes general principles and specific best practices for recyclers disassembling or reclaiming used electronic equipment.

 Following is a summary of the requirements:

Develop and use a management system that covers environmental, worker safety and public health practices on-site and through downstream management of end-of-life (EOL) equipment and materials.

Requires a Plan-Do-Check-Act model for continuous environmental, health and safety (EHS) improvement.

Establish a policy that promotes reuse and materials recovery for EOL equipment and materials.

Comply with environmental, health, and safety legal requirements, both domestically and internationally.

Use practices to reduce exposures and emissions during recycling operations.

Export (or arrange for the export of) focus materials only when it is legal to export them and when/to foreign countries that can legally accept them.

Send EOL equipment and all material derived from this equipment, that contain Focus Materials only to facilities that are properly licensed to receive these materials, and that use technology designed to safely and effectively manage these materials, whether in the U.S. or another country.

Focus Materials are materials, whether in EOL equipment or when separated as components that are defined to include: cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and CRT glass, circuit boards (unless batteries and mercury containing items have been removed and they are lead free) batteries and items containing mercury and/or PCBs.

Ensure that an electronics recycler does not use energy recovery, incineration, or land disposal as a management strategy for Focus Materials or equipment and components containing Focus Materials.

Exercise due diligence in ensuring that downstream recyclers and processors manage recycled materials to the same standards that are required by the R2 Standard, throughout the downstream recycling chain.

Ensure that materials going for reuse are refurbished and tested for functionality and residual Focus Materials are managed responsibly.

Ensure that personal data on EOL electronics going to reuse or recycling are cleared or destroyed.

Track throughput and keep records, store and transport material securely and safely; and possess insurance, closure plans, and financial mechanisms to cover the potential risks of the facility.


The electronics recycling industry is made up of a wide variety of recyclers and refurbishers. While these recyclers differ in size and services, we believe they should all live up to these best practices. In recognition of this diversity in the industry, R2 is not prescriptive about how recyclers arrive at these best practices. There is no “one size fits” all solution to addressing some of the operational areas addressed in the Standard, the R2 Standard allows the recycler to choose the path to conformity.



 1.Environmental, Health, and Safety Management System: An R2 electronics recycler shall develop and use an Environmental, Health, and Safety Management System (EHSMS) to plan and monitor its environmental, health, and safety practices, including the activities it undertakes to conform to the R2 Standard.

 2.Reuse, Recover, …” Hierarchy of Responsible Management Strategies: An R2 electronics recycler shall develop and adhere to a policy for managing used and end-of-life electronic equipment that is based on a reuse, recover, dispose” hierarchy of responsible management strategies.

 3. Legal Requirements: An R2 electronics recycler shall comply with all applicable environmental, health, and safety legal requirements and shall only export equipment and components containing FMs to countries that legally accept them.

 4.On-Site Environment, Health, and Safety: R2 electronics recycler shall utilize practices at their facilities that protect worker health and safety and the environment.

 5.R2 Focus Materials: An R2 electronics recycler shall manage both on site and in the selection of downstream vendors – the R2 Focus Materials that pass through its facility or control in a manner protective of worker health and safety, public health, and the environment; and shall perform due diligence on downstream vendors to which it ships these materials.

 6.Reusable Equipment and Components: An R2 electronics recycler shall refurbish as needed, properly test, and adequately package equipment and components going to reuse.

 7.Tracking Throughput: An R2 electronics recycler shall maintain business records sufficient to demonstrate the material flow of equipment, components, and materials that pass through its facility.

 8.Data Destruction: An R2 electronics recycler shall employ generally-accepted data destruction procedures.

 9.Storage: An R2 electronics recycler shall store items and materials that may cause risk to worker health or safety or the environment if inappropriately stored, and equipment and components going to reuse, in an appropriate manner.

 10.Facility Security: An R2 electronics recycler shall employ facility security measures appropriate for the equipment they handle and customers they serve.

 11.Insurance, Closure Plan, and Financial Responsibility: An R2 electronics recyclers shall possess insurance that is adequate to cover the potential risks and liabilities associated with the nature and size of the company’s operations, and shall have adequate legal and financial assurances in place for the proper closure of its facilities.

 12. Transport: An R2 electronics recycler shall transport all equipment, components, and materials using entities that have the necessary regulatory authorizations and in a manner protective of public health and the environment.

 13. Record keeping: An R2 electronics recycler shall maintain the documentation necessary for an auditor to assess its conformity to the requirements of this document.